Women and Epilepsy

Some issues around epilepsy and its treatment are specific to women and do not apply in the same way to men. These include links between epilepsy and hormones, puberty, contraception, pregnancy and the menopause. Changing hormone levels may affect some women and not others. Oestrogen and progesterone, two hormones that are naturally produced in a woman's body can speed up or slow down brain activity and can affect when a woman has seizures. Taking hormone replacement therapy (HRT) may increase the risk of seizures for some women with epilepsy. Oestrogen is known to have a pro-convulsant (seizure causing) effect for some women, but the amount of estrogen in HRT is small and usually not enough to cause seizures to happen. Epilepsy and taking anti-epileptic drugs may contribute to the risk of developing osteoporosis for some people.

  • Track 1-1 Hormones, Puberty and Menstruation
  • Track 2-2 Menopause and epilepsy
  • Track 3-3 HRT and seizures
  • Track 4-4 Osteoporosis and Epilepsy

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